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Mastering the Art of Long Jump: Unveiling the Rules and Techniques

Updated: Dec 5, 2023

Long jump is an exhilarating track and field event that requires not only athleticism but also a thorough understanding of its rules and techniques. In this article, we’ll walk you through the essential long jump rules, the basic skills involved, understanding fouls, and the dos and don’ts to excel in long jump.

What are the Long Jump Rules?

Long jump rules govern the competition, ensuring a fair and consistent playing field. Here are the key regulations you need to be aware of:

  1. Take-off Board: Athletes must initiate their jump from a designated take-off board. Overstepping the board results in a foul.

  2. Maximum Distance: The jump is measured from the nearest point of landing in the sandpit to the take-off line. The goal is to cover the maximum distance while adhering to all rules.

  3. Maximum Wind Assistance: For a jump to be considered valid, the wind speed must not exceed the specified limits, ensuring fair competition conditions.

  4. Legal Jumps: Athletes are allowed three attempts to make a valid jump, and only the longest jump among the three is counted.

  5. Fouls: Fouls occur when an athlete oversteps the take-off board, touches the sand outside the landing area, or makes an improper landing.

Which Leg Do You Jump Off for Long Jump?

In long jump, there isn’t a fixed rule specifying which leg you should jump off, as it largely depends on your personal preference and capabilities. Some athletes find it more comfortable to jump off their dominant leg, while others may prefer the non-dominant leg. The key is to practice and determine which leg allows you to achieve the best take-off angle and distance.

How Many Basic Skills Are in Long Jump?

Long jump involves several essential skills that contribute to a successful jump. These skills can be broken down into the following categories:

  1. Approach Run: The run-up is a crucial part of the long jump. It requires speed, precision, and timing.

  2. Take-off: Proper timing and a powerful take-off from the designated board are essential for a good jump.

  3. Flight Phase: This phase involves body position and technique during the jump, ensuring maximum distance and control.

  4. Landing: The way you land in the sandpit is crucial for avoiding fouls and maximizing your distance.

What is a Foul in Long Jump?

A foul in long jump is any action that violates the rules and regulations of the event. Common fouls include:

  1. Overstepping the take-off board.

  2. Touching the sand outside the designated landing area.

  3. Landing on or falling back into the landing area.

Fouls result in the nullification of a jump, even if it appears to be a good one. Athletes must learn to execute their jumps precisely to avoid fouls.

Do’s and Don’ts in Long Jump


  1. Train rigorously to improve your speed and strength.

  2. Work on your technique and form.

  3. Understand and adhere to the rules and regulations.

  4. Maintain a focused and positive mindset during competition.

  5. Seek guidance from experienced coaches to fine-tune your skills.


  1. Neglect your warm-up and stretching routines.

  2. Overthink during your approach run; maintain a fluid motion.

  3. Attempt to jump if you’re unsure of the take-off; it’s better to foul than risk injury.

  4. Let mistakes affect your confidence; learn from them and keep improving.

  5. Compare yourself to others excessively; focus on personal progress.

By mastering the long jump rules, practicing the fundamental skills, and following the dos and don’ts, you can enhance your performance and increase your chances of excelling in this thrilling track and field event. Long jump, like any sport, rewards dedication and commitment, so keep honing your skills, and watch your results soar.

Ready to Leap to Success in Long Jump?

If you’re passionate about long jump and dream of excelling in this track and field event, it’s time to take action. Whether you’re just starting or looking to fine-tune your skills, Athlete Plus is here to support your journey to success.

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